21gts.com » Archive by category 'Knowledge'

Archive for the ‘Knowledge’ Category

Scout Song

Posted by webmaster 2014 On September - 25 - 2014

Ging Gang Gooliehttp://youtu.be/kGDzajGxwNQ

Ging gang goolie goolie goolie goolie watcha,
Ging gang goo, ging gang goo.
Ging gang goolie goolie goolie goolie watcha,
Ging gang goo, ging gang goo.
Hayla, hayla shayla, hayla shayla, shayla, oh-ho,
Hayla, hayla shayla, hayla shayla, shayla, oh.
Shally wally, shally wally, shally wally, shally wally
Oompah, oompah, oompah, oompah

Tapshttp://youtu.be/G-BZNhAYG00
Day is done, gone the sun,
From the lake, from the hills, from the sky;
All is well, safely rest, God is night.

Fading light, dims the sight,
And a star gems the sky, gleaming bright.
From afar, drawing nigh, falls the night.

New Friend found
We walk to the left and we walk to the right
And we walk and we walk and we walk alright
With a heel and a toe and a half turn around
With a heel and a toe and a new friend found

Scouting Friendship
By the blazing council fire’s light
We have met in comradeship tonight
Round about the whispering trees
Guard our golden memories
And so before we close our eyes in deep
Let us pledge each other that we’ll keep
Scouting friendship strong and deep
Till we meet again

Campfire Burning
Campfire burning Campfire burning
Draw nearer draw nearer
In the glooming in the glooming
Come sing and be merry

Brownsea Island
From the start of Brownsea Island
Right up to the present day
We have learn our sense of scouting
From the Lord Baden-Powell’s way
We are ready to help when needed
We are joyful always gay
We are proud to be a member
Of the worldwide Brotherhood

Ah Chong Soak
Ah Chong SOak is a cut throat hawker
Chee Cheong Fun, eh! Chee Cheong Fun
He said his things are very cheapee
Chee Cheong Fun, eh! Chee Cheong Fun
He married a wife who’s a so low kwai
Whose father’s name is Tai Low kwai
And they live in Yip Phun Kai
Chee Cheong Fun, eh! Chee Cheong Fun

Di Sini Senang
Di sini senang
Di sana senang
Di mana-mana hatiku senang
Di sini senang
Di sana senang
Di mana-mana hatiku senang
Saudara saudari
la la la la la la la
Saudara saudari
la la la la la la la

Saya Pilih Pengakap
Yippi, Ya, Ya,
Yippi, Yippi, Ya,Ya.
Saya Pilih Pengakap Saja,
Siang Jadi Kenangan,
Malam Jadi Impian
Cintaku Semakin Mendalam

Oh Eppoh (O Ipo)
Oh Eppoh eh tai tai eh ya
Oh Eppoh eh tai tai eh ya
Oh Eppoh eh tai tai
Eppoh eh toki toki
Eppoh eh toki toki eh ya

Tong Pakitong Tong
Tong, tong, tong, tong
Pakitong khitong,
Alimango sausuba
Khibantong
Nadhili Makhuha
Akurai Makhakhuha
Akurai Makhakhuha

Anugerah Baden Powell

Posted by webmaster 2014 On February - 27 - 2014

Bagi seorang ahli pengakap kelana Anugerah Baden Powell atau lebih dikenali sebagai B-P AWARD merupakan anugerah tertinggi bagi seorang ahli pengakap kelana. Untuk mendapatkan anugerah ini seorang ahli pengakap kelana haruslah menghabiskan skim latihan pengakap kelana. Syarat-syarat untuk mendapatkan anugerah ini adalah seperti berikut:

1. Lulus lencana pengakap kelana iaitu Lencana (wajib) dan lencana (pilihan).

2. Pengakap kelana hendaklah berumur diantara 18 hingga 25 tahun sahaja.

3. Borang pencalonan Anugerah B-P akan disediakan oleh Ibu Pejabat Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia

4. Sijil dan Anugerah B-P akan dikeluarkan oleh Ibu Pejabat Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia

Anugerah BP

Ke Arah Mendapatkan Anugerah Pengakap Raja

Posted by webmaster 2014 On February - 27 - 2014

Ke Arah Menjadi seorang Pengakap Raja

Lencana-lencana Kemajuan Pengakap Muda
1. Lencana Keahlian
2. Lencana Usaha
3. 2 Lencana Kegemaran
4. Lencana Maju
5. 3 Lencana Pengetahuan
6. 3 Lencana Perkhidmatan
7. Lencana Jaya

*Lencana Ahli Berkhemah bagi Lencana Pengetahuan dan Lencana Ahli Pertolongan Cemas wajib didapatkan.

Setelah mendapat Lencana Jaya seseorang Pengakap Muda akan dianugerahkan Rambu Pengakap Muda setelah memenuhi syarat-syarat tertentu.

Lencana-lencana Tertinggi Pengakap Remaja
1. Lencana Jayadiri
2. Lencana Kemahiran
3. Lencana Kegiatan
4. Lencana Ekspidisi
5. Lencana Perkhidmatan

Setelah mendapat 5 lencana Pengakap Remaja, seseorang Pengakap Remaja akan dianugerahkan Rambu Pengakap Remaja setelah memenuhi syarat-syarat tertentu.

Ke Arah Mendapatkan Anugerah Pengakap Raja
Setelah dianugerahkan Rambu Pengakap Muda dan Rambu Pengakap Remaja, seseorang Pengakap akan menduduki Ujian Sikap Pengakap Raja yang akan berlangsung selama 5 hari dan 4 malam. Ketika Ujian Sikap Pengakap Raja, sesesorang Pengakap akan dinilai sikap dan teladannya di mana seseorang Pengakap itu akan berkhemah, membuat khidmat masyarakat dan membuat ekspedisi.

Setelah lulus Ujian Sikap Pengakap Raja, seseorang Pengakap akan melalui peringkat terakhir iaitu Pentarafan Pengakap Raja. Semasa Pentarafan Pengakap Diraja, seseorang Pengakap akan diuji semua aspek berpengakap. Seseorang calon perlu membina satu tapak perkhemahan secara berseorangan serta diuji dalam bidang masakan rimba, pemetaan, simpulan & ikatan, projek perintis, kawat dan pertolongan cemas.

ks badge

 

link ini untuk tambahan infomasi:

http://www.pengakap.com/42/

Yells

Posted by webmaster 2014 On October - 1 - 2013

 

恒毅童军二十一,恒心毅力二合一,

我们有的是实力,今晚一定拼到底。

恒毅童军二十一,恒心毅力二合一,

我们有的是实力,今晚一定拿第一。

Simpulan Ikatan

Posted by webmaster 2013 On December - 26 - 2012

Buka Sila

Buka Sila

Simpul Bunga Geti

Simpul Bunga Geti

Simpul Manuk

Simpul Manuk

Simpul Tindih Kasih

Simpul Tindih Kasih

Lilit Dua Simpul

Lilit Dua Simpul

Lilit Pemati Biasa

Lilit Pemati Biasa

Simpul Himpit

Simpul Himpit

Simpul Pulih

Simpul Pulih

Simpul Bunga Geti Berganda

Simpul Bunga Geti Berganda

Lilit Balak

Lilit Balak

Lilit 'Taut-Line'

Lilit ‘ Taut-Line ‘

Ikat Seraya

Ikatan Seraya

Ikat Serong

Ikat Serong

Tindih Kasih Ganda

Tindih Kasih Ganda

Belit Lucut

Belit Lucut

Lilit Pasdul

Lilit Pasdul

Simpul Kerusi

Simpul Kerusi

Lilit Pemati Selit

Lilit Pemati Selit

Simpul Kepala Lalat

Simpul Kepala Lalat

Sambat BalikSambat Balik

Ikat Silang GuntingIkat Silang Gunting

Smipul Abah-abah

Simpul Abah-abah

Simpul Lilit Tindih Kejap

Simpul Lilit Tindah Kejap

Simpul Kgah

Simpul Ngah

Tindih Kasih Air

Tindih Kasih Air

Ikatan Pengail

Ikatan Pengail

Lilitan Tong

Lilitan Tong

Sambat Mata
Sambat Mata / Sepit Ketam

Lilit Kacang

Lilit Kacang / Ular

Ikatan Silang TungkuIkat Silang Tungku

Simpul Tapak Kucing 1Simpul Tapak Kucing 2

Simpul Tapak Kucing

Simpul RagaSimpul Raga

Simpul Serban

Simpul Serban

Genggam Monyet

Genggam Monyet

Ikat seraya Jepun

Ikat Seraya Jepun

Takal tali

Takal Tali


Pakaian Seragam Pengakap Muda & Pengakap Remaja

Posted by admin On December - 19 - 2009
  • Memakai pakaian seragam dengan betul dan kemas merupakan satu perkara yang amat penting bagi seseorang Pengakap
  • Cara memakai pakaian boleh mencerminkan imej seseorang
  • Ingat perkataan ini “Respect yourself , respect your uniform

Budak Lelaki

  • Baju kemeja berlengan pendek warna kelabu asap , leher cekak musang
  • Baju kemeja-T mesti masuk ke dalam seluar
  • Seluar panjang warna biru tua . Pengakap kanak-kanak dan pengakap muda boleh memakai seluar pendek dengan stoking panjang warna biru tua dan garter warna hijau

Budak Perempuan

  • Budak kemeja/kebaya berlengan panjang warna kelabu asap , leher cekak musang
  • Di hujung baju tidak boleh berbutang
  • Baju tidak dibenarkan masuk dalam seluar
  • Kemeja-T mesti masuk ke dalam seluar
  • Bagi Pengakap beragama Islam , tudung kelabu asap mesti dipakai

Forege Cap

  • Forage cap warna biru tua jenis kain 100% polyester dengan lilitan kain merah 1/4 “dan berlambang Pengakap (lencana kain)
  • Pengakap kelana dan Pemimpin memakai forage cap biru tua jenis 100% polyester dengan lilitan kain kuning 1/4 ” dan berlambang Pengakap (lencana besi)

Skaf dan Wogel

  • Skaf rasmi kebangsaan berbentuk tiga segi , warna biru tua dan terdapat jalur putih dan merah di bahagian tepinya
  • Skaf jambori/aktiviti hanya boleh dipakai semasa menyertai jambori atau aktiviti-aktiviti tertentu
  • Pengakap tidak dibenarkan memakai skaf jambori / aktiviti terutama menghadiri upacara rasmi , istiadat-istiadat tertentu KECUALI di jambori atau aktiviti-aktiviti tertentu
  • Bagi Pemimpin / Pesuruhjaya yang telah mendapat anugerah manikayu , beliau boleh memakai skaf Gilwell (Gilwell Scarf)
  • Wogel berwarna hitam lambang pengakap diatasnya
  • Bagi Pemimpin/Pesuruhjaya yang telah menghadiri kursus kepimpinan manikayu peringkat II , beliau boleh memakai wogel Gilwell (Gilwell wogel)

Tanda Pangkat

Lencana yang dijahit diatas poket sebelah kiri yang menunjukkan pangkat-pangkat dalam sesuatu kumpulan . Warna-warna dan jalur-jalur tertentu menunjukkan unit-unit yang berlainan

Pengakap Kanak-kanak – warna kuning

Pengakap Muda – warna hijau

Pengakap Remaja – warna merah

Pengakap Laut – warna biru

Tiga jalur = Ketua Kumpulan (Group Leader)

Dua jalur = Ketua Patrol (Patrol Leader)

Satu jalur = Penolong Ketua Patrol (Patrol Second)

Lencana-lencana

  • Lencana negeri , daerah dan nombor kumpulan dipakai di lengan sebelah kanan (mengikut susunan) = = > Selang 1cm setiap lencana
  • Lencana kemajuan (usaha , maju , jaya) di sebelah kanan
  • Lencana nama patrol dipakai di sebelah kiri
  • Lencana kepandaian di sebelah kiri
  • Lencana keahlian dipakai di saku baju sebelah kiri manakala lencana bendera Malaysia di saku baju sebelah kanan

Tali pinggang

Memakai tali pinggang berkepala gangsa yang mengandungi logo Pengakap Malaysia

Kasut

Memakai kasut kanvas hitam bertali

Baju-T

Memakai tali baju-T Pengakap berwarna kelabu asap dengan logo Pengakap Malaysia di atas saku

Wisel

Wisel dengan tali wisel (lanyard) warna biru tua hanya boleh dipakai oleh : Ketua Kumpulan , Ketua Patrol dan Penolong Ketua Patrol

LENCANA MUDA

Lencana_PR

Simple Knot For Scout

Posted by admin On December - 15 - 2009

People have been tying knots for thousands of years. Today, despite technology, knots are still as necessary as ever. In sports such as sailing, climbing, caving and angling, and in work such as fire fighting, fishing, truck driving and even surgery, the ability to tie the right knot is essential. All knots have a purpose and it is just as important to understand what that purpose is, and when the knot is used, as having the ability to tie it. The wrong knot at the wrong time can be dangerous. In the Teach Yourself section, there are details of nine knots commonly used in Scouting. It explains what the knots are used for and how to tie them. In order to help us with knotting, it is also useful to understand a little bit about ropes.

Types of rope

  • Laid ropes – These are ropes normally consisting of three strands which run over each other from left to right. Traditionally they are made from natural fibres, but nowadays they tend to be made from synthetic materials.
  • Braided ropes – These are ropes which consist of a strong core of synthetic fibres, covered by a plaited or braided sheath. (They are always made from synthetic materials.)
  • Natural ropes – These are relatively cheap and are made from such natural materials as hemp, sisal, manila and cotton which are easy and pleasant to knot. They have the disadvantage that they have a low point at which they can withstand stress before breaking, and other characteristics can be unpredictable because the natural materials with which they are made may have flaws.
  • Synthetic ropes – These are relatively expensive but last a long time. They are superior in that they are generally lighter, stronger, less prone to rot, water resistant and better able to withstand difficult and extreme environments.

Parts of the rope

Working end – The end of the rope you are using to tie a knot
Standing end – The end of the rope opposite to that being used to tie the knot
Standing part-Any part between the two ends. It can be a part of the rope already used in the knot
Loop – A loop made by turning the rope back on itself and crossing the standing part
Bight – A loop made by turning the rope back on itself without crossing the standing part

Common Knots

Reef knot

This most common knot is used to tie together two working ends of the same material and size.

  • Take an end of rope in each hand and lay the left hand end over the right
  • Then, using your right hand, take the end from the left down behind the other rope and up to the front again
  • Point the ends inwards again, this time the right hand one over the other one, then take it down behind it and up to the front through the loop which has now been formed
  • Pull the knot tight

This knot is often remembered by, ‘left over right and right over left’

Sheet bend

The ‘sheet’ is the sailor’s name for a rope. The sheet bend is used to tie together two ropes of different types or unequal thicknesses.

  • Form a bight in the working end of the thicker rope. Take the working end of the thinner rope and pass it up through the bight
  • Take the thinner rope round the back of the bight and trap it under itself. Remember not to take the working end back down the bight in the first rope
  • Pull tight by holding the bight in one hand and pulling the standing part of the second rope with the other

Make sure the two ends are on the same side of the knot. If the ropes are of very different thickness, take the working end round the bight and under itself twice to form a double sheet bend.

Figure of eight

This is a ‘stopper knot’ that is unlikely to jam or pull loose. It is also used, when doubled, to tie a loop in a rope.

  • Form a loop in the end of a rope
  • Take the working end behind the standing part and back over itself into the open loop
  • Finish by pulling both sides of the knot tight. If the knot is correct, it will look like a ‘figure of eight’

Round turn and two half-hitches

This is a long name for a simple hitch used to attach a rope to a post, spar, tree, and so on. It is a composite knot formed from two simple knots.

  • Form a round turn by turning the working end twice around the post
  • Then form a half-hitch by taking the working end around the standing part forming a crossed loop
  • Repeat to form a second half-hitch. These should be tied in the same direction and tightened up against the post to ensure that the round turn doesn’t slip

Clove hitch

The clove hitch is another method of ‘hitching’ a rope to a post. Not as secure as the round turn and two half-hitches, it is often used to begin other hitches and lashings. There are many ways to tie a clove hitch. However, the one that
everyone should know is:

  • Pass the working end over and under a railRun it across the standing part at the front
  • Continue round the rail again and bring the working end back to trap it under the diagonal

Thus the two ends of the rope should be laid next to each other under the diagonal but running in opposite directions. The clove hitch looks like a
‘N’.

Timber hitch

The timber hitch is a temporary knot used to drag, tow or lift a log or pole.

  • Turn the working end round the standing part and then wrap it around itself at least four or five times
  • A half-hitch can be tied in the standing part further up the log or pole to add some security
  • The log is dragged by pulling the standing end

Highwayman’s hitch

This hitch is a ‘slip hitch’. Pulled on the standing end it holds fast. Pulled on the working end it comes free. Thus it is used to tie a boat to a mooring ring or an animal to a rail or post.

  • Start by passing a bight behind the rail
  • Take another bight in the standing part and pass it in front of the rail and through the first bight
  • Pull tight on the working end
  • Then take a third in the working end and pass it in front of the rail- and through the second bight
  • Pull tight on the standing part

Sheepshank

This knot is used to shorten a rope, or to bridge a damaged length, without cutting the rope. It can be tied in the middle of the rope without needing the ends.

  • Form the rope into a ‘S’, that is two opposing bights
  • In each free end form a half-hitch
  • Pass the adjacent bight through the halfhitch
  • Pull the two free ends tight at the same time

If being used to bridge a damaged portion of rope, make sure the damaged part goes through both half-hitches. That is, the damaged portionshould be the centre of the ‘S’. The sheepshank should be kept in tension. If loosened it may well come undone.

Bowline (pronounced ‘bo-lin’)

The bowline is used to form a non-slip loop in the end of a rope. It was traditionally the climbers’s waist knot before harnesses were used.

  • Form a loop by passing the working end over the standing part
  • Pass the working end back up through the loop from behind and around the back of the standing part
  • Pass the working end back down the loop and pull tight
  • If using synthetic rope, the working end should be locked off against the adjacent standing part with a half-hitch. The bowline is invaluable in rescue situations but might have to be tied blind. Once you are comfortable with tying the knot, practise it with your eyes closed. It can sometimes be remembered by ‘the rabbit comes out of its hole, round the tree, and down the hole again

Parts of the rope

Simple Knot For Scout(2)

Reef knot

Simple Knot For Scout(3)

Sheet bend

Simple Knot For Scout(4)

Figure of eight

Simple Knot For Scout(5)

Round turn and two half-hitches

Simple Knot For Scout(6)
Clove hitch

Simple Knot For Scout(7)

Timber hitch

Simple Knot For Scout(8)

Highwayman’s hitch

Simple Knot For Scout(9)

Sheepshank

Simple Knot For Scout(10)

The History Of Scouting

Posted by admin On August - 29 - 2009

Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, a British Army Officer stationed in India, found that many of his men did not know basic first aid or elementary outdoor survival skills. He began dividing the men into small groups for instruction, competition and games to help them learn skills and knowledge necessary for scouting (how to follow a trail, tell directions, recognize danger signs, find food and water, etc.) He authored a handbook for soldiers, Aids to Scouting, that contained the information and instructional methods he used.

While serving in South Africa in 1899, Baden-Powell had become an enormously popular national hero. His small handbook had become nearly as popular and was even being used by some teachers! While attending a rally of the Boys’ Brigade, he met Sir William Smith, who asked him to rewrite his book to make it more appealing to boys. In 1907, they organized a camp at Brownsea Island to see how boys would like Baden-Powell’s ideas. Twenty boys spent twelve days divided into patrols, going on hikes, learning how to cook outdoors without utensils, learning patriotism, woodworking, and having a great time! Baden-Powell rewrote his book and soon after the camp, patrols and troops began springing up all over England.

In 1909, the first big rally was held at the Crystal Palace. More than ten thousand boys attended. Baden-Powell was startled to discover that six thousand girls also showed up, proclaiming themselves as “Girl Scouts!” With the help of his sister, Agnes, the Girl Guides were started.

Baden-Powell and Agnes had become friends with a woman from the United States, Juliette “Daisy” Magill Kinzie Gordon Low, who was living in England at the time. Low was extremely interested in the idea of a scouting organization for girls. She began a troop of Girl Guides in Scotland, which was a huge success, and later formed other troops in London. On March 12, 1912 she realized her dream of returning to the United States and organizing “Girl Scouts.”

In 1909, the year of the first big rally, a Chicago businessman and publisher, William D. Boyce was lost in a thick London fog. A boy suddenly appeared and offered to lead him to his destination. When they arrived, Boyce tried to “tip” the boy for his trouble. The boy kindly refused and explained that he was a Scout and could take no money for a Good Turn. Boyce was intrigued and questioned the boy about Scouting. The boy led him to Baden-Powell’s office, then disappeared into the fog.

After speaking with Baden-Powell, Boyce was determined to begin an organization for boys in the United States. On February 8, 1910, Boyce incorporated the Boy Scouts of America. No one was able to discover the name of the boy scout whose Good Turn led scouting to the United States. A statue of a buffalo was erected in honor of the “Unknown Scout” at the Scout Trading Center at Gilwel Park, England.

And so, the ideals, methods, instruction, goodwill, and spirit of Scouting came to BSA and GSUSA from Lord Baden-Powell, by way of Julliette Gordon Low and William D. Boyce.

Scouting In Malaysia

Posted by admin On February - 16 - 2009

Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia (The Scouts Association of Malaysia, PPM) is an organisation for boys and girls between the ages of 10 and 17, based in Malaysia. Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia is part of the global Scouting movement and national member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM). It is the only uniformed body in Malaysia to have been established and officially regulated by an act of parliament through the Scouts Association Of Malaysia (Incorporation) Act 1968.

Scouting was first introduced in Singapore in 1908, but was officially founded on July 2, 1910, when young Scoutmaster Frank Cooper Sands arrived in Singapore from Nottingham and established two Boy Scout troops in Singapore for the children of the British colonists. From there, the movement spread to other parts of the Straits Settlements and what were to become the states of Malaysia. Sands spent the next 40 years helping to create Scouting in the region, and is often called the “Father of Malayan Scouting”. Read the rest of this entry »

What Is Scouting?

Posted by admin On February - 16 - 2009

You may be familiar with Scouts in your everyday life. You saw them in schools and now in grown up world. If asked what is scouting, the answer you will receive is camping, campfire, hiking, helping people and many more. But what actually is scouting?
Scouting basically is an activity program full of fun and challenges for the kids and youth between 8 to 40 years of age.
Scouts is an international youth organization to train the youth to be a useful citizen. It’s training is based on the Scout Law and Promise, also with the basic principles laid by Lord Baden Powell.

The Scouting program has three specific objectives, commonly referred to as the “Aims of Scouting.” They are character development, citizenship training, and personal fitness. Read the rest of this entry »