Simpul Bunga Geti
Simpul Tindih Kasih
Lilit Dua Simpul
Lilit Pemati Biasa
Simpul Bunga Geti Berganda
Lilit ‘ Taut-Line ‘
Tindih Kasih Ganda
Lilit Pemati Selit
Simpul Kepala Lalat
Ikat Silang Gunting
Simpul Lilit Tindah Kejap
Tindih Kasih Air
Sambat Mata / Sepit Ketam
Lilit Kacang / Ular
Ikat Silang Tungku
Simpul Tapak Kucing
Ikat Seraya Jepun
Skaf dan Wogel
Lencana yang dijahit diatas poket sebelah kiri yang menunjukkan pangkat-pangkat dalam sesuatu kumpulan . Warna-warna dan jalur-jalur tertentu menunjukkan unit-unit yang berlainan
Pengakap Kanak-kanak – warna kuning
Pengakap Muda – warna hijau
Pengakap Remaja – warna merah
Pengakap Laut – warna biru
Tiga jalur = Ketua Kumpulan (Group Leader)
Dua jalur = Ketua Patrol (Patrol Leader)
Satu jalur = Penolong Ketua Patrol (Patrol Second)
Memakai tali pinggang berkepala gangsa yang mengandungi logo Pengakap Malaysia
Memakai kasut kanvas hitam bertali
Memakai tali baju-T Pengakap berwarna kelabu asap dengan logo Pengakap Malaysia di atas saku
Wisel dengan tali wisel (lanyard) warna biru tua hanya boleh dipakai oleh : Ketua Kumpulan , Ketua Patrol dan Penolong Ketua Patrol
People have been tying knots for thousands of years. Today, despite technology, knots are still as necessary as ever. In sports such as sailing, climbing, caving and angling, and in work such as fire fighting, fishing, truck driving and even surgery, the ability to tie the right knot is essential. All knots have a purpose and it is just as important to understand what that purpose is, and when the knot is used, as having the ability to tie it. The wrong knot at the wrong time can be dangerous. In the Teach Yourself section, there are details of nine knots commonly used in Scouting. It explains what the knots are used for and how to tie them. In order to help us with knotting, it is also useful to understand a little bit about ropes.
Types of rope
Parts of the rope
Working end – The end of the rope you are using to tie a knot
Standing end – The end of the rope opposite to that being used to tie the knot
Standing part-Any part between the two ends. It can be a part of the rope already used in the knot
Loop – A loop made by turning the rope back on itself and crossing the standing part
Bight – A loop made by turning the rope back on itself without crossing the standing part
This most common knot is used to tie together two working ends of the same material and size.
This knot is often remembered by, ‘left over right and right over left’
The ‘sheet’ is the sailor’s name for a rope. The sheet bend is used to tie together two ropes of different types or unequal thicknesses.
Make sure the two ends are on the same side of the knot. If the ropes are of very different thickness, take the working end round the bight and under itself twice to form a double sheet bend.
Figure of eight
This is a ‘stopper knot’ that is unlikely to jam or pull loose. It is also used, when doubled, to tie a loop in a rope.
Round turn and two half-hitches
This is a long name for a simple hitch used to attach a rope to a post, spar, tree, and so on. It is a composite knot formed from two simple knots.
The clove hitch is another method of ‘hitching’ a rope to a post. Not as secure as the round turn and two half-hitches, it is often used to begin other hitches and lashings. There are many ways to tie a clove hitch. However, the one that
everyone should know is:
Thus the two ends of the rope should be laid next to each other under the diagonal but running in opposite directions. The clove hitch looks like a
The timber hitch is a temporary knot used to drag, tow or lift a log or pole.
This hitch is a ‘slip hitch’. Pulled on the standing end it holds fast. Pulled on the working end it comes free. Thus it is used to tie a boat to a mooring ring or an animal to a rail or post.
This knot is used to shorten a rope, or to bridge a damaged length, without cutting the rope. It can be tied in the middle of the rope without needing the ends.
If being used to bridge a damaged portion of rope, make sure the damaged part goes through both half-hitches. That is, the damaged portionshould be the centre of the ‘S’. The sheepshank should be kept in tension. If loosened it may well come undone.
Bowline (pronounced ‘bo-lin’)
The bowline is used to form a non-slip loop in the end of a rope. It was traditionally the climbers’s waist knot before harnesses were used.
Parts of the rope
Figure of eight
Round turn and two half-hitches
Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, a British Army Officer stationed in India, found that many of his men did not know basic first aid or elementary outdoor survival skills. He began dividing the men into small groups for instruction, competition and games to help them learn skills and knowledge necessary for scouting (how to follow a trail, tell directions, recognize danger signs, find food and water, etc.) He authored a handbook for soldiers, Aids to Scouting, that contained the information and instructional methods he used.
While serving in South Africa in 1899, Baden-Powell had become an enormously popular national hero. His small handbook had become nearly as popular and was even being used by some teachers! While attending a rally of the Boys’ Brigade, he met Sir William Smith, who asked him to rewrite his book to make it more appealing to boys. In 1907, they organized a camp at Brownsea Island to see how boys would like Baden-Powell’s ideas. Twenty boys spent twelve days divided into patrols, going on hikes, learning how to cook outdoors without utensils, learning patriotism, woodworking, and having a great time! Baden-Powell rewrote his book and soon after the camp, patrols and troops began springing up all over England.
In 1909, the first big rally was held at the Crystal Palace. More than ten thousand boys attended. Baden-Powell was startled to discover that six thousand girls also showed up, proclaiming themselves as “Girl Scouts!” With the help of his sister, Agnes, the Girl Guides were started.
Baden-Powell and Agnes had become friends with a woman from the United States, Juliette “Daisy” Magill Kinzie Gordon Low, who was living in England at the time. Low was extremely interested in the idea of a scouting organization for girls. She began a troop of Girl Guides in Scotland, which was a huge success, and later formed other troops in London. On March 12, 1912 she realized her dream of returning to the United States and organizing “Girl Scouts.”
In 1909, the year of the first big rally, a Chicago businessman and publisher, William D. Boyce was lost in a thick London fog. A boy suddenly appeared and offered to lead him to his destination. When they arrived, Boyce tried to “tip” the boy for his trouble. The boy kindly refused and explained that he was a Scout and could take no money for a Good Turn. Boyce was intrigued and questioned the boy about Scouting. The boy led him to Baden-Powell’s office, then disappeared into the fog.
After speaking with Baden-Powell, Boyce was determined to begin an organization for boys in the United States. On February 8, 1910, Boyce incorporated the Boy Scouts of America. No one was able to discover the name of the boy scout whose Good Turn led scouting to the United States. A statue of a buffalo was erected in honor of the “Unknown Scout” at the Scout Trading Center at Gilwel Park, England.
And so, the ideals, methods, instruction, goodwill, and spirit of Scouting came to BSA and GSUSA from Lord Baden-Powell, by way of Julliette Gordon Low and William D. Boyce.
Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia (The Scouts Association of Malaysia, PPM) is an organisation for boys and girls between the ages of 10 and 17, based in Malaysia. Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia is part of the global Scouting movement and national member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM). It is the only uniformed body in Malaysia to have been established and officially regulated by an act of parliament through the Scouts Association Of Malaysia (Incorporation) Act 1968.
Scouting was first introduced in Singapore in 1908, but was officially founded on July 2, 1910, when young Scoutmaster Frank Cooper Sands arrived in Singapore from Nottingham and established two Boy Scout troops in Singapore for the children of the British colonists. From there, the movement spread to other parts of the Straits Settlements and what were to become the states of Malaysia. Sands spent the next 40 years helping to create Scouting in the region, and is often called the “Father of Malayan Scouting”. Read the rest of this entry »
You may be familiar with Scouts in your everyday life. You saw them in schools and now in grown up world. If asked what is scouting, the answer you will receive is camping, campfire, hiking, helping people and many more. But what actually is scouting?
Scouting basically is an activity program full of fun and challenges for the kids and youth between 8 to 40 years of age.
Scouts is an international youth organization to train the youth to be a useful citizen. It’s training is based on the Scout Law and Promise, also with the basic principles laid by Lord Baden Powell.
The Scouting program has three specific objectives, commonly referred to as the “Aims of Scouting.” They are character development, citizenship training, and personal fitness. Read the rest of this entry »
Scouting began in 1907 when Robert Baden-Powell, a retired Lieutenant General in the British Army, held the first Scouting encampment at Brownsea Island, England. He was at that time a good friend of William Alexander Smith, founder of the Boys’ Brigade. Currently Scouting and Guiding have over 38 million members in 217 countries and territories represented through several different Scouting associations at the international level. The works of Ernest Thompson Seton and Daniel Carter Beard were very influential in the early development of Scouting as well as the basis of the Traditional Scouting movement that has become very significant in the last several years. In many countries, Scouting has become a signifcant part of popular culture. Read the rest of this entry »
on February 22, 1857. At the age of 12 he received a scholarship from Charterhouse School, one of England’s famous public schools. The school was then located in London, but it soon moved to Godalming in Surrey. There were some woods just outside the school, these were “out- of-bounds” for the pupils. It was here that B.-P. practised stalking wildlife. He is said to have snared rabbits and cooked them over a small fire so that smoke didn’t give him away to the school masters. (This was to be valuable training for later in his career.)
Choosing a military career, B.-P. served in campaigns in India, Afghanistan and South Africa. He became world famous during the Boer War for the defense of Mafeking, a small town in South Africa. With 800 men, he was besieged by a force of 9,000 Boer soldiers. His small force held out against these immense odds for 217 days — until a relief column of British soldiers arrived. Read the rest of this entry »